Beginning in the 1970s, "activists linked to the Saudi-sponsored Islamic World League began indoctrinating small groups at the prestigious Bandung Institute of Technology with Brotherhood materials". (Indonesian Democracy’s Enemy Within)
In 1998, there was the possibility that Indonesia would change its government and become a democracy like Malaysia, where there is no miserable poverty.
Unfortunately, Indonesia's American-trained military hijacked the 1998 protest movement.
The May 1998 riots which toppled Suharto were organised by the military; certain Chinese people were made the scapegoats for all of Indonesia's problems; most of the old elite, consisting of generals, Chinese-Indonesian businessmen, religious leaders and politicians, remained in power; certain factions within the elite lost out.
Now sections of the elite are using Islam to frustrate democracy.
Indonesia's Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) 'is Indonesia's version of the Muslim Brotherhood'. (Playing with Fire in Indonesia). It does not support Sharia law but supports 'Moslem values'.
In the 2004 national elections, the PKS won 45 out of 550 seats in the Indonesian lower house (DPR). They also got 3 seats in the cabinet. (Playing with Fire in Indonesia)
At the local level, the PKS has won 88 out of 149 elections.
In April 2008, PKS candidates won the Governorships of West Java and North Sumatra.
West Java has a population of 40 million people and is home to Jakarta.
Why do poor Indonesians vote for the PKS? They are fed up with "corruption, poor public services, poverty, and the perceived lack of real political choice." (Playing with Fire in Indonesia)
The PKS may form an alliance with Indonesia's president Yudhoyono, a former Suharto general. Alternatively, the PKS might form an alliance with Suharto's old party called Golkar, the largest party in parliament; or with one of the Moslem parties such as the PPP or PAN.
Reportedly, the "founding manifesto" of the Justice Party that went on to become the PKS, called for the creation of an Islamic caliphate. (Indonesian Democracy’s Enemy Within)
1. They are often 'directly tied to big semi-feudal landholding interests'.
2. They are usually supported by the western 'imperialists' (who do not want strong independent-minded democracies to emerge as rivals.)
3. Their policies often involve "vicious patriarchy and bigotry, religious warfare, 'honor killings', and the promotion of unscientific, superstitious ignorance."
Taylor notes that support for the fundamentalists grows stronger, the more the USA gets involved in countries like Iraq and Afghanistan.
"The U.S., despite all its talk about coming to the aid of women oppressed by the Taliban, has continued to back and install reactionary clerics and sectarian religious forces in the countries it has occupied."
He wrote: "the Saudi regime was a 'major financial backer of the Reagan administration’s 'anti-Communist campaign in Latin America,' as well as its efforts to destabilize the Soviet Union by supporting the Islamic fundamentalist forces in Afghanistan."
4. Indonesia is the world's biggest Moslem country and provides the best example of what is happening.
Indonesia, until the mid 1990s, had a mainly moderate and liberal form of Islam.
The world's biggest Moslem organisation, the Nahdlatul Ulama, particularly under the leadership of Abdurrahman Wahid, has been in favour of liberal democracy.
However, during the 1990s, Indonesia's President Suharto began to worry about:
(1) The growing movement to replace the corrupt elite with a democracy that would do more for the poor.
(2) The loyalty of certain generals, some of whom were close friends of the Pentagon.
Suharto began to promote Islamism, in the hope that it would counter the forces of democracy and counter the disloyal sections of the military.
The fall of Suharto, in 1998, eventually increased the power of the military.
After Suharto's fall, the policy of the elite was to maintain the feudal system by (1) promoting Islamism (2) keeping the military as the power behind the scenes.
There are strong links between the militant moslem groups and the military.
"Violent extremism's renaissance began with police using vigilantes to extract protection money from reluctant bar owners and blossomed withthe military's logistical support to send thousands of jihadis to the Malukus and central Sulawesi to undermine Abdurrahman Wahid's presidential election victory in 1999... Government reluctance to stand up to thugs gives the impression of implicit approval, or that the extremists serve a higher authority."
The Islam Defenders Front (known as FPI) is a militant Moslem group believed to be working for elements of the police and/or military.
Gary LaMoshi, in the Asia Times ( a counter-offensive ) 14 June 2006, wrote about an attack of former president Wahid on 23 May 2006:
"At an interfaith forum in the West Java town of Purwakarta, members of FPI and other radical groups forced Wahid, virtually blind and limited physically because of a series of strokes, off the stage. The radicals cited Wahid's opposition to the anti-pornography bill as an insult to Islam."
Indonesia could be considered the classic new world order state.
Indonesia has an increasing number of billionaires and an increasing number of starving people.
It was the USA that put the military into power in Indonesia in 1965, and the military still pulls the strings.
The Indonesian elite increasingly use militarism and religious FUNDAMENTALISM to keep the FEUDAL SYSTEM in place.
Andre Vltchek, at Japan Focus (here), has written an excellent article about Indonesia:
"The New Face of Indonesia’s Islamic Fundamentalism: Pornography Ban Ignores the Starving" "While the nation was off guard, distracted by soaring food prices, a collapsing road system and general hopelessness, the House of Representatives on March 25th 2008 passed a bill banning all pornographic websites, threatening to jail users and providers who will now face up to three years in prison or a substantial fine...
"At dark intersections, street children are begging, some offering themselves to exhausted motorists. Women carrying infants are begging next to the exhaust pipes of the cars...
"Several parts of the country have introduced Islamic sharia by-laws banning unaccompanied women from leaving the house after sunset. Muslim women are ordered to wear headscarves...
"Fully covered little girls are now a common site in some Jakarta neighborhoods as well as in many rural areas of Java...
"Of course the fight against corruption has stalled. It is too much to expect Indonesian Representatives to fight against graft, considering that many if not most amassed their own fortunes illegally.
"It is easier to attack images of lovemaking or sex than powerful people who are robbing the poorest of the poor...
"Just a few days before the bill was passed, I drove through the crowded and depressing streets of Jakarta. Howling sirens pushed me to the curb.
"Several escort vehicles and motorbikes drove by, protecting a brand new Porsche Cayenne 4WD. It was a vehicle of a legislators, a man who should be saving for a Honda Civic on his official salary. A few feet away, street children were playing barefoot in the gutter, one of them showing clear signs of malnutrition. Forgive me, but I call that pornography.
"While the government is fighting Internet porn, tens of millions of Indonesian women are forced by poverty and hopelessness into the countless brothels in Surabaya, Batam and Jakarta.
"Millions of women who are raped or get pregnant out of wedlock are abandoning their infants and children, some of whom are left in the garbage bins or on the street.
"Country girls go or are sent by their families as 'maids' into sexual slavery in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere in the Middle East. As they leave Indonesia, they wear headscarves, so the state need not worry about their fate..."
(Andre Vltchek—novelist, journalist, filmmaker and playwright—is a Japan Focus associate. His recent novel – Point of No Return –shows the New Order through the eyes of war as a correspondent.)
Malnourished Indonesian Photo of Billionaire Indonesian government minister Bakrie
In 2006, Aburizal Bakrie was number 6 on the Forbes list of Indonesia’s richest people ( he was worth $1.2 billion )
Bakrie is a government minister. He is the Co-ordinating minister for the Peoples’ Welfare.
Now, in 2007, Bakrie is Indonesia's richest person.
Aburizal Bakrie and family (Bakrie Group): $5.4 billion Sukanto Tanoto (April and Asian Agri): $4.7 billion R. Budi Hartono: $3.14 billion Michael Hartono (Budi and Michael Hartono, part owners of Djarum and BCA): $3.08 billion Eka Tjipta Widjaja and family (Sinar Mas Group): $2.8 billion Putera Sampoerna and family (Sampoerna Strategic): $2.2 billion Martua Sitorus (Wilmar International): $2.1 billion Rachman Halim and family (Gudang Garam): $1.6 billion Peter Sondakh (Rajawali Group): $1.45 billion. Eddy William Katuari and family (Wings Group): $1.39 billion (Sources: Aburizal Bakrie1forbes )
Mysteriously, the Suharto family does not appear on the list.
In 2004 Bakrie was Indonesia's chief economic minister.
Bakrie was accused of nepotism.  In 2005, he became the Coordinating Minister for People's Welfare.
In May 2006 a drilling hole at Porong, Sidoarjo that was constructed without protective casings by PT Lapindo Brantas, a mining company of the Bakrie conglomerate, started a continuous release of hot mud that made many people homeless and threatens the local economy in East Java.
The May 1998 riots in Jakarta, apparently organised by the CIA and elements of the military, changed very little in Indonesia.
In 1998 Suharto stepped down and elections were held.
But, the generals, and families like the Suhartos, still pull the strings.
Indonesia's President Yudhoyono is a former Suharto general.
Melody Kemp, at onlineopinion.com, 10 January 2008, has an utterly brilliant article on Indonesia entitled:
The old town known as Kota (in Jakarta) ... is now a no-go area where violence and drug taking have escalated...
Toll roads still owned by the Soeharto family, are groaning with cars...
People look more stressed than before. As the cost of living hikes leave more and more poor behind, crime and meaningless jobs multiply alongside each other...
And the rich are richer... We stayed at the very popular Novotel... The hotel is now surrounded by multimillion dollar homes. Huge mansions bristling with stainless steel three-storey high windows and doubtless, an alarming number of bathrooms. I wondered hopefully if the owners paid taxes.
For the first time an Indonesian, the Minister for Social Welfare, made the list of Forbes 100 richest men. He is at the centre of the case of the ongoing destructive mud eruptions in East Java that have made life misery for many Indonesians. And for which the good Minister for Social Welfare refuses to take any responsibility.
Indonesia’s problem is not poverty but distribution. And the powers-that-be continue to refuse to acknowledge this - as do aid donors, including Australia. Policies that favour the rich, such as education fees, are still promulgated by the World Bank, eager it seems to live up to its reputation as an instrument of blind capitalism...
The World Bank, we were told by one of their consultants, had earmarked a US$800 million loan, ready to go.
Apparently no planning guidelines, or projects had been identified, nor guidelines for disbursal, monitoring or evaluation. It was simply a “give ‘em the loan and saddle ‘em with debt” strategy...
Soeharto, in effect, turned Indonesia into one huge franchising operation from which he and his family profited; and continue to do so.
The recent Bali Climate Carnival was held in Soeharto-owned hotels. While Sadam killed thousands and was hanged, Soeharto stole from and killed millions, and lives on. Justice is not a notable feature of Indonesia, or of American patronage...
The ABC Asian news services recently trumpeted that Jema’ah Islamiya had a membership of 9,000 ... What they failed to add was that in a population of 260 million, 9,000 does not represent recruitment success.
Repeatedly Islamic parties do poorly in the elections. Radical Islam is less popular than Family First.
But that could change. Officials in the Ministry of Religion are beginning to acknowledge thatIndonesia could soon be an Islamic state given current Western inspired wars, impoverishment of Muslim communities, ongoing judicial corruption and mismanagement of community conflicts and misdirected aid...
Islamic schools are free and are used increasingly by the poor in the wake of user-pays education cost rises...
Indonesian’s major complaint to me was that user-pays education excludes the poor ... Into this come the Muslim carpetbaggers from Malaysia and Saudi Arabia using Syhari’a principles to influence Indonesian children to take up the puritan form that they espouse.
I noticed a greater number of swathed heads and long gowns as well as an increase in the number of tragic threadbare beards...
But the message is the Saudi influence is biting.
The way to combat radical Islam is not by weapons, spies and training police, but by supporting the majority of moderate Muslims who want a good education for their children to open the doors of opportunity for which they don’t have the key.
There are lots of palatial new mosques being built in Indonesia, the world's biggest Moslem country.
Meanwhile state hospitals and state schools are as neglected as any in the Congo; the rich grow richer and the poor grow poorer.
Indonesia is a democracy and its government opposes Islamic extremism?
Indonesia's President, Susilo Bangbang Yudhoyono, was one of Suharto's generals. Yudhoyono was trained in America.
Suharto married a Catholic and some of his key generals were Christian.
Suharto used the Islamists to do his dirty work, frustrate democracy and help keep the elite in power.
Suharto sided with the orthodox Moslems against the pro-democracy moderate Moslems.
President Yudhoyono, friend of America, may be little different from Suharto.
"In 2004-06, there was a spate of attacks by hardline Islamist militias, such as the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI)... The FPI’s 2005 march on the Liberal Islam Network headquarters and verbal threats to their leadership was not prosecuted by the state...
The British military, the American military and the Indonesian military have long used the Moslem extremists to promote their right-wing agenda.
"Cabinet papers show that British spies, including MI6, supported Islamic guerrillas in order to destabilise Sukarno." (Revealed: Healey admits role in British dirty tricks campaign to overthrow Indonesia's President Sukarno, By Paul Lashmar and James Oliver, The Independent - 16 April 2000) The Secret State: MI5 (Home Office/MoD), The Security Service and ...
Indonesian special forces regiment Kopassus is trained by the Americans.
Kopassus 'set up a Moslem terror group called Komando Jihad.'
According to Dr Damien Kingsbury, head of philosophical, political and international studies at Deakin University: "Kopassus... has engaged in... hostage rescue missions. The first was in 1981, when a Garuda aircraft was hijacked.... Kopassus... set up the Islamic organisation Komando Jihad that hijacked the plane in 1981 and which has since emerged as Jemaah Islamiah." We must not get back in bed with Kopassus - theage.com.au
Jakarta human-rights activist Bonar Naipospos told Asia Times Online: "General Suparman is one of the generals who was behind the extremist Jihad groups. He set up militias composed of gangsters and religious fanatics to counter student demonstrations in 1998. One of these militias, Pram Swarkasa, became the embryo of Laskar Jihad." Asia TimesWe must not get back in bed with Kopassus - theage.com.au
According to a news story in the Sydney Morning Herald, November 2, 2002:
"Some time around the 30 October 2002, senior officers in the Indonesian military HQ gave a piece of information to a military attache from a Western embassy in Indonesia -the source of explosive used in the October 12 bombing in Bali was the head of the counter-terrorism unit with the army's special forces."
The father-in-law of the officer concerned is Hendropriyono, Indonesia's spy chief.
Allegedly, Kuwaiti citizen Omar Al Faruq played a part in the Bali bomb plot. Al Faruq was arrested in Bogor on June 5, 2002 and handed over to US authorities. Al Faruq was able to escape from custody.
Former Indonesian State Intelligence Coordinating Board (BAKIN) chief A.C. Manulang was quoted by Tempo as saying that Al-Faruq was a CIA-recruited agent.
The airline manifest of Garuda airlines shows that at least two generals from Jakarta visited Bali three days before the bombings and that they returned to Jakarta one day before the Sari Club was blown up. This was confirmed by armed forces chief General Sutarto, who claimed that General Djaja Suparman was on vacation, while General Ryamizard Riyacudu, chief of staff, was said to have gone to Bali for health reasons.