Komando Jihad, which became Jemaah Islamiah - was set up by (American trained) Indonesian generals.
Dr Kingsbury wrote: "Kopassus (Indonesian special forces) ...set up the Islamic organisation Komando Jihad ... which has since emerged as Jemaah Islamiah."
What about the 2002 Bali Bomb?
Bali bomb 'mastermind' Al Faruq - 'worked for the CIA.'
Former Indonesian State Intelligence Coordinating Board (BAKIN) chief A.C. Manulang was quoted by Tempo magazine as suggesting that Al-Faruq was a CIA-recruited agent.
Kuwaiti citizen OmarAl Faruq was arrested in Bogor on June 5, 2002 and handed over to US authorities.
Al Faruq was then able to escape from custody.
According to a news story in the Sydney Morning Herald, November 2, 2002:
"Some time around the 30 October 2002, senior officers in the Indonesian military HQ gave a piece of information to a military attache from a Western embassy in Indonesia -the source of explosive used in the October 12 bombing in Bali was the head of the counter-terrorism unit with the army's special forces."
The father-in-law of the officer concerned is Hendropriyono, Indonesia's former spy chief.
The airline manifest of Garuda airlines shows that at least two generals from Jakarta visited Bali three days before the bombings and that they returned to Jakarta one day before the Sari Club was blown up.
This was confirmed by armed forces chief General Sutarto, who claimed that General Djaja Suparman was on vacation, while General Ryamizard Riyacudu, chief of staff, was said to have gone to Bali for health reasons. (Jakarta Post)
Indonesia and China signed a strategic partnership during the visit of President Hu Jintao to Jakarta in 2005.
"You are next!"
According to the allegations in the diplomatic cables:
1. President Yudhoyono has got prosecutors and judges to protect the bad guys.
2. He has used the spooks to spy on rivals.
3. His wife wife and family have enriched themselves.
4. He has protected Taufik Kiemas, husband of former president Megawati Sukarnoputri.
Taufik is believed to have profited from various big infrastructure projects.
Taufik is now speaker of Indonesia's parliament.
5. Yudhoyono's former vice-president, Jusuf Kalla, paid "enormous bribes" to win the chairmanship of Golkar, Indonesia's largest political party.
6. Yudhoyono got cabinet secretary Sudi Silalahi to "intimidate" at least one judge in a 2006 court case arising from a fight for control of former president Abdurahman Wahid's National Awakening Party (PKB).
7. Yudhoyono has used the Indonesian State Intelligence Agency (BIN) to spy on both his allies and opponents.
He got the intelligence service to report on Golkar presidential candidate General Wiranto.
At a meeting of Yudhoyono's cabinet, BIN chief Syamsir described Wiranto as a "terrorist mastermind."
8.Yudhoyono has links to Chinese-Indonesian businessmen, especially Tomy Winata, an alleged underworld figure and member of the "Gang of Nine" or "Nine Dragons," a leading gambling syndicate.
In 2006, Agung Laksono, now Yudhoyono's Co-ordinating Minister for People's Welfare, told US embassy officers that TB Silalahi "functioned as a middleman, relaying funds from Winata to Yudhoyono."
Tomy Winata reportedly used the entrepreneur Muhammad Lutfi to give money to Yudhoyono.
Yudhoyono appointed Lutfi chairman of Indonesia's Investment Co-ordinating Board.
Senior State Intelligence Agency official Yahya Asagaf also told the US embassy Tomy Winata was trying to cultivate influence by using a senior presidential aide as his link to the president's wife, Kristiani Herawati.
9. In 2006, one presidential staff member told US embassy officers that Kristiani's family members were "specifically targeting financial opportunities related to state-owned enterprises."
The President was "witting of these efforts, which his closest operators (e.g. Sudi Silalahi) would advance, while Yudhoyono himself maintained sufficient distance that he could not be implicated."
The president's wife is "the president's undisputed top adviser."
"Members of the President's staff increasingly feel marginalised and powerless to provide counsel to the President."
Yahya Asagaf of the State Intelligence Agency said the first lady's opinion is "the only one that matters."
10. "Ten years of political and economic reform have made Indonesia democratic, stable, and increasingly confident about its leadership role in south-east Asia and the Muslim world.
"Indonesia has held successful, free and fair elections; has weathered the global financial crisis; and is tackling internal security threats."
But, a series of political scandals in 2009 and 2010 seriously damaged Yudhoyono's political standing.
Yudhoyono was increasingly "paralyzed" as his popularity diminished.
"Unwilling to risk alienating segments of the parliament, media, bureaucracy and civil society, Yudhoyono has slowed reforms. He is also unwilling to cross any constituencies ...
"Until he is satisfied that he has shored up his political position, Yudhoyono is unlikely to spend any political capital to move his reform agenda, or controversial aspects of US -Indonesia relations, forward."
Beginning in the 1970s, "activists linked to the Saudi-sponsored Islamic World League began indoctrinating small groups at the prestigious Bandung Institute of Technology with Brotherhood materials". (Indonesian Democracy’s Enemy Within)
In 1998, there was the possibility that Indonesia would change its government and become a democracy like Malaysia, where there is no miserable poverty.
Unfortunately, Indonesia's American-trained military hijacked the 1998 protest movement.
The May 1998 riots which toppled Suharto were organised by the military; certain Chinese people were made the scapegoats for all of Indonesia's problems; most of the old elite, consisting of generals, Chinese-Indonesian businessmen, religious leaders and politicians, remained in power; certain factions within the elite lost out.
Now sections of the elite are using Islam to frustrate democracy.
Why do some poor Indonesians vote for the PKS? They are fed up with "corruption, poor public services, poverty, and the perceived lack of real political choice." (Playing with Fire in Indonesia) The PKS have been friends with Indonesia's president Yudhoyono, a former Suharto general.
Reportedly, the "founding manifesto" of the Justice Party that went on to become the PKS, called for the creation of an Islamic caliphate. (Indonesian Democracy’s Enemy Within)